The world is a beautiful place. We all marvel at the at the birds of the air and the monsters of the sea.
The beautiful sunsets of Negril Islands leaves us with our mouth agape, while the dawn sunshine’s and cool breeze at the Bay of Naples or Amalfi Coast will leave you yearning for more. Wait a minute! The Tuskers of Africa!!! Those mammoths are a must see!
We all desire to see the best moments of life. We all love to know more of the wonders of creation. From kids to grannies we all want to see amazing scenery and places.
“Seeing is Believing…”
From the ancient Pyramid of Egypt, to the stunning white sands of Maui, to the Great Migration of Wildebeests in Maasai Mara, to the enticing motion pictures of Hollywood and modern skyscrapers of Dubai.
We all want to see more. But do you know that not everyone is privileged to see all that beauty. There are millions of people with severe eye conditions and yet more who have no sight at all. Some were born that way, while others lost their site due to certain diseases like stroke or other eye infections.
This site was initially established in 2011 and operated through to late 2012 with the aim of helping people have eye exams to establish if they may be having any conditions or infections affecting their eyes. Based in Vancouver, BC, Canada. ( I should mention, that Vancouver is a very beautiful city, and you do need actual good vision, to notice it. ) This is always vital so as to enable you identify any condition that warrants medical attention thus help mitigate eye loss caused infections or any treatable conditions.
The site is now being relaunched (still in progress) with better and more elaborate guides, tutorials and content that will make it possible for you to search for all info relating to eye health. You will learn about any eye infections which range from from bacterial to viral conditions; eye conditions which commonly affect people and how to prevent and treat them; eye surgeries which include the modern laser surgeries and other cosmetic eye surgeries; best nutrition — foods, fruits and drinks which promote good eyesight.
Wait!!! There is more. Yes you will to have an opportunity to undertake an Eye Exam, know where to get the best contact lenses, eyeglasses and most suitable sunglasses for your eyes.
That’s not all: Insurance. You need to know the best Eye and Vision Insurance provider and also have access to more detailed resources concerning the eye health. Also you might need to learn about recommendations from recognized doctors and medical institutions. You don’t wanna miss this golden opportunity.
There are some jobs, like being a pilot, and being a radiologist, where having perfect vision is important, and optometric examinations are required periodically. I’m both, a pilot and radiologist, so I’m very familiar and comfortable with meeting the optometrist, and having my lenses adjusted every few years, and of course, getting my eye pressures measured. I tend to have dry eyes, which they always notice and comment on. Anyway, I hope you take care of your vision. Oh, and in the shop, wear eye protection. I have a wood shop and a metal shop in my aircraft hangar, and I DO wear safety goggles or those visors that cover the whole face, whenever I’m cutting, drilling, belt sanding, welding, and so on.
Six Years of Torture
My name is Jake Baggins and this is my story of the pain I underwent and the fear I possessed of losing my eyesight at a tender. I underwent a myopia eye surgery in the year 2009. This story is about the experiences that I underwent before and after the surgery.
My first time to wear glasses was when I was 11 and still in elementary school and I always found myself the odd one among my peers. They understood my condition which had me having eye problems since I was 9 and skipping several classes to attend doctor’s appointments several times prior to be having to spot some lens glasses to aid my eyesight.
While in high school, the eye condition could not tolerate the whole lot of studies especially the load of homework that I had to deal with and more miserable situations became part of my lifestyle. In my second year at high school, the condition became severe to an extent that I was having more difficult concentrating and my performance was quickly dwindling.
By this time I had seen several opticians, but no conclusive help was availed to me. One of my teachers became concerned and one day when I was my worst he called my dad to come over. He suggested to him to take me to the city because I needed a more sophisticated eye check-up. He strongly felt that an eye surgery was the way forward.
My father had talked about me having an eye surgery many times earlier but we had most times been constrained by the expenses which would be incurred. Luckily, by the time that the teacher was advising us to go for an eye check-up, dad had secured a better job and thus our family had an insurance cover unlike before. Moreover, at this time, there was a new technique for eye surgeries introduced into the medicine field called Wavefront Laser Eye Treatment which was a bit cheaper and more secure.
I was taken to a better hospital and the ophthalmologist that we met was more concerned because he explained that if I had not sought treatment earlier then I would have lost my sight sooner. He examined me and gave me medications. He then scheduled several appointments in which he monitored my progress. After this I was to undergo an eye surgery.
During this time, I would visit the doctor and several eye therapies would be performed to monitor the extent of my eye infection and so that he would make a better decision on the type of corrective surgery which was deemed the best.
When the scheduled date for operation arrived, I visited the hospital again and was taken directly to the operation room. I was asked to sit down on the chair and stair up at the blinking light. The operation took about 3 hours and was successful with no problems.
At times they would adjust my sitting position while applying optical spectacular to make blinking difficult. They asked me to keep starring at the blinking light as they pulled up the layers of my eyes and applied a solution to loosen up the cells. The laser machine was then pushed near my eye. The laser beams were made to pass through my cornea and I remember hearing a clicking sound brought about by passing laser beams severally inside my cornea.
After this process, some cold solution was poured into my eyes to cool down the burning corneas. After all this the operation was over a pair of lenses were inserted into my eyes and I was given some medications to fight any bacterial infections in case I had an infection as a result of the operation.
That’s to God that was the last time I had disturbing eye problems, though I hate removing and cleaning the lenses from time to time.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens inside the eye resulting to poor vision. It’s one of the leading causes of blindness and can be treated by surgery only. It is the most common eye surgery today. When a person suffers from cataract, the lens is opacified thus obstructing light from passing and being focused on the retina of the eyes hence decrease in vision.
Cataract are mainly caused by age and that’s why people will feel the need of eyeglasses as they age but the only solution to restore the vision is through a cataract surgical procedure.
The cataract surgical process
During cataract surgery, the lens inside your eyes which is cloudy and blocking light is removed and an artificial lens replaces it to restore the vision. The artificial lens is called intraocular lens or IOL.
The process has evolved to bring into force more modern procedures which use high frequency ultra sound devices which breaks up the cloudy lens into smithereens.
The broken bits are then gently removed from the eye through suction. This type of procedures is usually referred to as phacoemulsification and is preferred because it requires less incisions than normal cataract surgery hence promoting faster healing and reducing the risks of cataract surgery complications such as retinal detachment.
After all the smithereens are removed, a clear intraoclular lens is replaced. A protective shield may be used in the early stages of your cataract surgery recovery to give protection to the eye against eye infections and complication as it heals from the surgical process.
Common eye disorders.
There are common eye disorders which are serious conditions and others which are mild e.g. swollen eyes. This is guide is meant to be used to help you identify any eye problems you may be suffering from and should never be an alternative to doctor’s consultation.
These disorders can be classified into eye symptoms in which are common.
- Redness of the eyes
- Blurring eye sight (decrease in vision)
- Spots, flashes and floaters
i. Red & bloodshot eyes.
There are several causes of red & blood-shot eyes such as allergy, inflammation, trauma and raptured eye vessels.
If your eye sclera (white part) is reddish or pink you might be suffering from one of the following conditions.
a. Conjunctivitis Pink eye.
It is characterized by the eye being pinkish/reddish. This condition is most common to kids than adults.
Other symptoms include:
- Burning discharge /watering
Pink eye has several forms which include:
- Viral conjunctivitis
- Allergic conjunctivitis
- Bacterial conjunctivitis.
Allergic conjunctivitis is not contagious while viral & bacterial conjunctivitis are so contagious. Therefore if you suspect that you are suffering from this condition, see a doctor for correct diagnosis and treatment.
When you have pink eyes, avoid rubbing eyes and always keep your hands cleans because you may forget you may forget and touch your eyes with them.
b. Eye allergies
Allergies might be seasonal e.g. spring or summer allergies or they may occur if your eyes come into contact with something irritating (allergen) such as fumes or dust.
Symptoms of eye allergies:
- Itching & red eyes.
- Watery and puffy eyes.
c. Raptured blood vessels.
Blood vessels in the eye can get raptured due to rubbing, straining etc.
When this occurs, the white eye sclera becomes bright red because of the leaking blood. This condition is normally called subconjuctival hemorrhage.
The bright redness of eye may be seen as alarming but it’s harmless.
d. Eye trauma.
This condition occurs when the eye gets hit, causing eye redness, pain and blurred vision.
Sometimes the eye may be gouged out or scratched or have internal eye injury such as detached retina which need immediate doctor’s attention.
For immediate relief/eye first aid, put a cold compress like pack of ice on the injured eye and avoid rubbing it.
ii. Itching & itchy eyes.
The main cause of itching eyes is allergies and is easily treated by over-the-counter eye drops/ointment.
Some cases of eye itching could be severe and need specialized treatment e.g. if your eyelids are red and inflamed, you could be suffering from blepharitis, which need immediate doctor’s attention.
iii. Blurred vision.
In case you have blurred vision which just occurs suddenly without warning and then persists, seek attention from an eye doctor immediately.
Also if one eye becomes blurred suddenly like lights being switch off, consider this an emergency and seek immediate medical attention.
Such symptoms could indicate conditions like retinal detachment or stroke.
If your blurring comes and goes momentarily, then the cause could be tiredness, dryness or eye strain which is not alarming. You instead need to rest your eyes. Maybe take a nap or sleep.
Also blurring could be caused by some eye conditions like allergies, pink eye etc.
iv. Puffy eyes.
Puffiness around your eyes could be a sign of allergies or trauma.
If the cause is allergies, then the use of over-the-counter eye drops can help while cases of eye hit/trauma need medical attention.
v. Eye burning.
This can be caused be allergies, tiredness dryness, vision stress such as long hours working computer or exposed light or a combination of above.
It is not harmful but if symptoms persist see a doctor.
vi. Eye pain
It can be sharp or mild, external or internal, constant or intermittent, stabbing or throbbing.
Generally, in-case you suffer from eye pain which is backed by redness, that’s an emergency case and you need to seek immediate medical attention.
Constant eye pain when you try to move your eyes can be a sign of inflammation of some inner eye parts, hence seek medical attention.
Sometimes eye pain can be caused by rheumatoid arthritis or fibromyalgia (chronic body pain). It can also be caused uveitis which is an inflammation of inner tissues of the eye e.g. iris. This condition also needs urgent medical care.
Also eye pain accompanied by blurred vision need urgent medical attention.
vii. Spots, flashes & Floaters.
This condition may not be alarming and can heal naturally. It is usually caused by bits of protein or other tissues, getting embedded on the gel-like material, (vitreous) that move around and fill the inside of the eye.
With age, the vitreous becomes more liquid/fluid and the spots &thread-like strands float more easily within vitreous, hence more noticeable.
Also in some case the vitreous might detach from its connection to retina resulting to more floaters.
When you have these spots which appear & go momentarily, these are normal floaters. But if you see flashes of light, clouds of floaters or swirly mist, seek medical attention.
Viii. Foreign object in the eye.
Having a foreign object in your eyes calls for immediate medical attention.
Never rub or attempt to remove whatever is there especially if it’s stuck.
Common Eye Infections
If harmful microorganism such as bacteria, fungi and viruses invade any part of the eyeball or the surroundings areas, it results to eye infections.
Symptoms of eye infection:
- Red eyes.
- Eye discharge.
- Watery eyes.
- Dry eyes.
- Swollen eyes.
- Swelling around the regions surrounding of the eye.
- Blurred vision.
If any of these symptoms is present or noticed, you need to see an eye doctor as soon as possible.
Common Types of Eye Infections.
There are different types of infections which can affect the eye, thus do not try to self-diagnose or use this guide as an alternative to treatment.
a) Conjunctivitis/pink eye.
This is very contagious which often affects children. The contagious conjunctivitis usually has bacterial or viral origins.
During birth, a mother who has STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infection’s) could also pass conjunctival eye infections to the infant such as gonococcal and chlamydial conjunctivitis.
This can be caused by virus or fungus infection.
- Viral keratitis — such as ocular herpes occurs when to a person who has been exposed to Herpes Simper Virus.
- Fungal keratitis — it is associated with fusarium fungi which is commonly found in organic matter, and can invade the eyes and cause infections in several ways e.g penetrating injury caused by a protruding tree branch.
- Acanthamoeba keratitis — this is common to contact lens wearers because parasites can easily attach themselves to the eyelids with the help of the contact lenses and cause severe infections which can lead to sight loss.
Thus if it’s paramount for any contact lens weaver to observe safety precaution rules e.g. removing the lens while swimming or if they don’t do so, then they should disinfect the lens after swimming.
This is one of the leading causes of blindness and it commonly prevails in poor and under-developed countries. It is related to Chlamydia trachomatis.
Trachoma has very high risk of re-infection and it becomes a problem because it is easily spread by flies especially in unsanitary environments.
Trachoma starts by infecting the inner eyelid, which then starts to scar.
The scarring results to ‘in-turning’ of the eyelid while the eyelashes start brushing and destroying tissues on the cornea resulting to permanent blindness.
To avoid trachoma, good hygiene needs to be practiced.
Incase of any infection detected, medical attention should be sort immediately.
This is mostly caused by a penetrating eye injury or as a result of a complication after surgery such as cataract surgery but the latter is rare.
Treatment is needed early in such cases because they could easily result to blindness.
Eye infection Complications.
Eye infections could affect the interior parts of the upper or lower eyelids to create a stye or chalazion.
If such infection invades tear glands, there could be a resultant of complicated infections such as dacryostenosis & ureitis.
Eye infections could lead to complications, which include inflammation and blockage of the eye’s tear drainage system thus cause dacryocystitis.
Eye infections can also cause corneal ulcer, which resembles abscess of eye and can lead to sight loss.
Eye infection Treatment
If you suffer from bacterial infections, such infections will mostly respond to prescribed antibiotic eye drops or ointment.
Most viral infections can heal with no cure while others respond well to prescribed antiviral eye drops/ointment. Also some antiviral such as steroid eye drops should be used carefully to reduce further inflammation.
How to prevent eye infections.
- Avoid eye contact with unclean hands.
- Use disinfectant fumes in rooms where an infected person was e.g. in hospitals.
- If you are near a person with eye infections and you happen to come into any contact with them, never rub your eyes before washing hands.
- If you wear contact lenses, always follow the recommended safety rules.